Digital Twin Earth, Quantum Computing and AI Take Center Stage

Digital Twin Earth

Digital Twin Earth will assist visualize, monitor, and forecast pure and human exercise on the planet. The mannequin will be capable of monitor the well being of the planet, carry out simulations of Earth’s interconnected system with human habits, and help the sphere of sustainable improvement, subsequently, reinforcing Europe’s efforts for a greater atmosphere as a way to reply to the pressing challenges and targets addressed by the Green Deal. Credit: ESA

ESA’s 2020 Φ-week occasion kicked off this morning with a collection of stimulating speeches on Digital Twin Earth, updates on Φ-sat-1, which was efficiently launched into orbit earlier this month, and an thrilling new initiative involving quantum computing.

Digital Twin Earth

The third version of the Φ-week occasion, which is totally digital, focuses on how Earth remark can contribute to the idea of Digital Twin Earth – a dynamic, digital reproduction of our planet which precisely mimics Earth’s habits. Constantly fed with Earth remark information, mixed with in situ measurements and synthetic intelligence, the Digital Twin Earth offers an correct illustration of the previous, current, and future adjustments of our world.

Digital Twin Earth will assist visualize, monitor, and forecast pure and human exercise on the planet. The mannequin will be capable of monitor the well being of the planet, carry out simulations of Earth’s interconnected system with human habits, and help the sphere of sustainable improvement, subsequently, reinforcing Europe’s efforts for a greater atmosphere as a way to reply to the pressing challenges and targets addressed by the Green Deal.

Today’s session opened with inspiring statements from ESA’s Director General, Jan Wörner, ESA’s Director of Earth Observation Programmes, Josef Aschbacher, ECMWF’S Director General, Florence Rabier, European Commission’s Deputy Director General for Defence Industry and Space, Pierre Delsaux, in addition to Director General of DG CONNECT on the European Commission, Roberto Viola.

Phi Week 2020

The Φ-week 2020 opened on 28 September with inspiring statements from ESA’s Director General, Jan Wörner (left) and ESA’s Director of Earth Observation Programmes, Josef Aschbacher. Credit: ESA

Pierre Delsaux commented, “As our EU Commission President repeated recently during her State of the Union speech, it’s clear we need to address climate change. The Copernicus program offers us some of the best instruments, satellites, to give us a complete picture of our planet’s health. But space is not only a monitoring tool, it is also about applied solutions for our economy to make it more green and more digital.”

Roberto Viola stated, “Φ-week is the week for disruptive technology and it is communities like this that our European programmes were designed to support.”

Florence Rabier added, “Machine learning and artificial intelligence could improve the realism and efficiency of the Digital Twin Earth – especially for extreme weather events and numerical forecast models.”

Jan Wörner concluded, “Φ-week is the perfect example of the New Space approach focusing on disruptive innovation, artificial intelligence, agility and flexibility.”

During the week, specialists will come collectively to debate the function of synthetic intelligence for the Digital Twin Earth idea, its sensible implementation, the infrastructure necessities wanted to construct the Digital Twin Earth, and current concepts on how industries and the science group can contribute.

Phi Sat 1 Cloud Mask

Cloud masks from Ф-sat-1. Credit: Cosine distant sensing B.V

ɸ-sat-1

Earlier this month, on 3 September, the primary synthetic intelligence (AI) expertise carried onboard a European Earth remark mission, ɸ-sat-1, was launched from Europe’s spaceport in French Guiana. An enhancement of the Federated Satellite Systems mission (FSSCat), the pioneering synthetic intelligence expertise is the primary experiment to enhance the effectivity of sending huge portions of information again to Earth.

Today, ESA, together with cosine distant sensing, are pleased to disclose the primary ever hardware-accelerated AI inference of Earth remark photographs on an in-orbit satellite tv for pc – carried out by a Deep Convolutional Neural Network, developed by the University of Pisa.

ɸ-sat-1 has efficiently enabled the pre-filtering of Earth remark information in order that solely related a part of the picture with usable info are downlinked to the bottom, thereby bettering bandwidth utilization and considerably decreasing aggregated downlink prices.

Initial information downlinked from the satellite tv for pc has proven that the AI-powered computerized cloud detection algorithm has accurately sorted hyperspectral Earth remark imagery from the satellite tv for pc’s sensor into cloudy and non-cloudy pixels. 

Lake Tharthar Iraq

Lake Tharthar, Iraq. Credit: Cosine distant sensing B.V

Massimiliano Pastena, Ф-sat-1 Technical Officer at ESA, commented, “We have just entered the history of space.”

Today’s profitable utility of the Ubotica Artificial Intelligence expertise, which is powered by the Intel Movidius Myriad 2 Vision Processing Unit, has demonstrated actual on-board information processing autonomy.

Aubrey Dunne, Co-Founder and Vice President of Engineering at Ubotica Technologies, stated, “We are very excited to be a key part of what is to our knowledge the first ever demonstration of AI applied to Earth Observation data on a flying satellite. This is a watershed moment both for onboard processing of satellite data, and for the future of AI inference in orbital applications.” 

As the general 2017 Copernicus Masters winner, FSSCat, was proposed by Spain’s Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya and developed by a consortium of European firms and institutes together with Tyvak International.

Quantum computing

Also talked about in his opening speech this morning, Josef Aschbacher made a particular announcement relating to an thrilling new ESA initiative, the “EOP AI-enhanced Quantum Initiative for EO – QC4EO” in collaboration with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).

Quantum computing has the potential to enhance efficiency, lower computational prices and resolve beforehand intractable issues in Earth remark by exploiting quantum phenomena akin to superposition, entanglement, and tunneling.

AI Enhanced Quantum Computing

Quantum computing has the potential to enhance efficiency, lower computational prices and resolve beforehand intractable issues in Earth remark by exploiting quantum phenomena akin to superposition, entanglement and tunneling. Credit: IBM

The initiative entails making a quantum functionality which could have the power to resolve demanding Earth remark issues through the use of synthetic intelligence to help programmes akin to Digital Twin Earth and Copernicus. The initiative shall be developed on the Φ-lab – an ESA laboratory at ESA’s heart for Earth remark in Italy, which embraces transformational innovation in Earth remark.

ESA and CERN take pleasure in a long-standing collaboration, centered on technological issues and basic physics. This collaboration shall be prolonged to hyperlink to the CERN Quantum Technology Initiative, which was introduced in June 2020 by the CERN Director General, Fabiola Gianotti.

Through this partnership, ESA and CERN will create new synergies, constructing on their widespread expertise in large information, information mining and sample recognition.

Giuseppe Borghi, Head of the Φ-lab, stated, “Quantum computing together with AI are perhaps the most promising breakthrough to come along in computer technology. In the coming years, we will see more Earth or space science disciplines employing current or future quantum computing techniques to solve geoscience problems.”

Josef Aschbacher added, “ESA will exploit the broad range of specialized expertise available at ESA and we will place ourselves in a unique position and take a leading role in the development of quantum technologies in the Earth observation domain.”

Alberto Di Meglio, Coordinator of the CERN Quantum Technology Initiative, stated, “Quantum technologies are a rapidly growing field of research and their applications have the potential to revolutionize the way we do science. Preparing for that paradigm change, by building knowledge and tools, is essential. This new collaboration on quantum technologies bears great promise.”

(function(d, s, id){
var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];
if (d.getElementById(id)) return;
js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;
js.src = “https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.6”;
fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);
}(document, ‘script’, ‘facebook-jssdk’));

Related Post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *