Why Crown, James Packer are being investigated

James Packer will appear before the NSW inquiry this week.

James Packer will take the stand on Tuesday afternoon at a NSW inquiry into Crown on line casino nearly 30 years after the nation’s press watched, giddy with anticipation, when his father, Kerry, was hauled earlier than a Senate inquiry for a grilling on media possession.

Back then, Kerry delivered a lesson in energy to the senators, uttering the notorious line, “If anyone on this nation does not minimise their tax they need their head learn,” because, “as a authorities I can inform you you are not spending it that properly”.

Now journalists, politicians and watchers of one in every of Australia’s biggest company dynasties will get the possibility to see the youthful Packer entrance up – digitally from his super-yacht moored within the South Pacific – to reply questions concerning the behaviour of the corporate he used to run, on line casino large Crown Resorts.

So why is the scion of one in every of Australia’s richest households dealing with this grilling? What’s this inquiry all about? And what’s at stake for Crown’s casinos?

James Packer will seem earlier than the NSW inquiry this week.

What’s been occurring at Crown?

Crown has been in disaster since June final yr when The Age, The Sydney Morning Herald and 60 Minutes dropped a sequence of bombshell reviews revealing the way it went into enterprise with figures linked to Asian organised crime gangs often called Triads, allowed itself for use to launder drug cash, and put its workers prone to arrest in China.

The NSW Independent Liquor and Gaming Authority (ILGA) launched an inquiry with the identical powers as a royal fee to analyze these revelations, alongside a controversial deal Packer struck in May final yr to promote one-fifth of Crown to a different on line casino group, Melco Resorts.

The inquiry has been operating public hearings, on and off, since February and has referred to as specialists, administrators and board members of the corporate.


How excessive are the stakes?

Very excessive. Commissioner Patricia Bergin will report again to ILGA on whether or not or not Crown ought to preserve the licence for its new on line casino at Barangaroo, which it plans to open in December.

Sydneysiders may have seen the $2.2 billion resort, luxurious condo and on line casino tower rise from the harbour banks over the previous 4 years, and it is now town’s tallest constructing.

The worst case state of affairs for Crown is it loses its licence, or the federal government imposes new circumstances on the licence limiting the way it does enterprise, and using that vast constructing is thrown into doubt.

Crown's Barangaroo building, which is nearing completion.

Crown’s Barangaroo constructing, which is nearing completion.Credit:Wolter Peeters

What are junkets and what’s the issue?

Crown’s monetary progress engine lately has been its worldwide “VIP” enterprise, constructed round ultra-wealthy Chinese excessive rollers. These VIPs can flip over tens of thousands and thousands of {dollars} in a single go to to the ASX-listed group’s casinos in Melbourne and Perth – and, all going properly for the corporate, quickly Sydney.

A “junket,” or “junket operator” is a bunch that organises journeys abroad to deliver these excessive rollers to gamble. But they do far more as properly. Gambling and selling playing is illegitimate in China, and so is taking massive quantities of money in a foreign country. So junkets additionally lend them cash to gamble after which gather their money owed as soon as they return residence.

Crown’s junket partnerships have been extremely profitable for a time. But final yr’s media exposé revealed how a few of Crown’s largest junkets had shut hyperlinks to highly effective organised crime syndicates. The inquiry has learnt that Crown can’t say it didn’t know – it was warned about its junkets’ felony hyperlinks in inner due diligence reviews courting again to 2014, however it stored doing enterprise with them anyway.

Why is cash laundering a difficulty?

Criminals are drawn to casinos as a result of they’ll disguise the proceeds of crime as official earnings. Drug traffickers can swap soiled money for playing chips after which have the on line casino deposit their “winnings” right into a checking account, making drug cash seem like the proceeds from a fortunate night time on the baccarat desk.

It’s extremely unlawful, and the inquiry has proven how Crown repeatedly did not cease this from occurring.

Some of essentially the most damning proof pertains to two shell firms Crown arrange referred to as Southbank Investments and Riverbank Investments, which it used to open financial institution accounts into which patrons might deposit cash.

Roy Moo, right, on surveillance footage piling cash onto the counter at Crown casino in Melbourne. This recording was presented in court.

Roy Moo, proper, on surveillance footage piling money onto the counter at Crown on line casino in Melbourne. This recording was introduced in court docket.

This masthead revealed final yr that drug traffickers used these accounts to launder soiled money, which caught the attention of regulation enforcement companies. The inquiry has uncovered that a number of main banks additionally raised considerations after they recognized a string of huge money deposits into the accounts which had all of the hallmarks of cash laundering.

ANZ shut the accounts in 2014 as a result of they have been so involved, however Crown merely opened new accounts, which operated the identical means, with the Commonwealth Bank. CBA shut down the accounts final yr after detecting the identical suspicious exercise.

When this masthead first wrote concerning the Southbank and Riverbank accounts, Crown informed us that transactions by way of them have been “topic to all of our standard reporting obligations, together with our obligations beneath AML/CTF [anti-money-laundering and counter-terrorism financing] laws.”

But beneath questioning on the inquiry, Crown chief government Ken Barton agreed that assertion was “fully incorrect” because Crown did not register the shell companies as “reporting entities” with the anti-money laundering watchdog AUSTRAC, even after AUSTRAC queried Crown about them.

The inquiry has additionally examined proof of cash laundering contained in the non-public gaming room at Crown Melbourne operated by one in every of Crown’s most necessary junket companions, Suncity, which is run by the accused former 14Ok triad member Alvin Chau.

Counsel helping the inquiry Naomi Sharp, SC, mentioned this room operated as an “island of immunity” from anti-money laundering controls and video footage confirmed massive bundles of money being handed over within the room from a blue cooler bag.

Crown informed the inquiry it as soon as found $5.6 million in money saved in a cabinet there which despatched “money-laundering alarms ringing”.

Despite that, Crown stored working with Suncity as much as early this yr, till the COVID-19 pandemic closed Australia’s borders. It has not dominated out working with Suncity sooner or later.

What concerning the China arrests?

In October 2016, Chinese police arrested 19 Crown workers members and charged them with illegally selling playing within the nation. Sixteen of them spent 9 to 10 months in jail. The scandal brought on Crown’s share value to plummet, triggered its exit from an Asian three way partnership and sparked a shareholder class motion that’s underway searching for a whole lot of thousands and thousands of {dollars}.

If Crown knowingly broke Chinese legal guidelines, or was reckless or detached about that truth, that will not give the NSW authorities a lot confidence it will possibly preserve its Sydney on line casino clear.

Fresh proof introduced to the inquiry has been damning. Senior executives within the VIP workforce and one Crown director (Packer’s lieutenant Michael Johnston) determined to not inform Crown’s CEO and board that the Chinese authorities launched a crackdown on overseas casinos in early 2015.

The executives additionally did not alert senior administration when Chinese police detained a Crown worker in mid-2015 and accused him of organising playing excursions, in what was a transparent signal of escalating dangers that would have prompted Crown to take extra precautions or pull its workers in a foreign country.

Emails despatched to senior Crown executives described its workers as “residing in fixed concern” of being arrested in China.

Former Crown Resorts employee Jenny Jiang being arrested in China in 2016.

Former Crown Resorts worker Jenny Jiang being arrested in China in 2016.Credit:60 Minutes

Didn’t James Packer promote his shares?

In May final yr, James Packer agreed to promote a 19.9 per cent stake in Crown – nearly half his shares within the firm – to the Hong Kong on line casino group Melco Resorts for $1.7 billion. Melco’s boss is Lawrence Ho. But Crown’s NSW on line casino licence says the corporate should stop Macau on line casino kingpin Stanley Ho, Lawrence’s father, from taking a stake within the firm due to his alleged organised crime hyperlinks.

However, that is precisely what occurred when Packer handed over the primary parcel of shares, as a result of Melco’s largest shareholder, the inquiry has learnt, is a Ho household belief of which Stanley (who died in May this yr) was a beneficiary.

To make issues extra difficult, the sale of Packer’s shares was negotiated and signed off by two of his trusted advisers, Michael Johnston and Guy Jalland, who additionally sit on Crown’s board of administrators.

They have each informed the inquiry they didn’t warn Crown the doubtless licence-breaching deal was within the works as a result of they didn’t imagine Stanley Ho was concerned in Melco, despite the fact that that truth was on the general public document.

Lawrence Ho.

Lawrence Ho.

So the place does Packer sit in all this?

There have lengthy been questions on who calls the pictures at Crown and whether or not it is run within the pursuits of all shareholders or simply its largest one, James Packer.

Packer stood down from Crown’s board in March 2018 amid a battle with psychological sickness, however the inquiry has proven how he has continued to wield vital affect from behind the scenes.

Eight months after his departure he was castigating then government chairman John Alexander for going “on a world journey eating places” and asking whether “we” needed to “instantly implement journey bans for our executives”.

The question of James Packer's influence has long hung over Crown. James Packer (centre), with (clockwise from top left) Ken Barton, Guy Jalland, Michael Johnston, and John Alexander.

The query of James Packer’s affect has lengthy hung over Crown. James Packer (centre), with (clockwise from high left) Ken Barton, Guy Jalland, Michael Johnston, and John Alexander.

Ken Barton (who was Crown’s finance boss and is now CEO) was sending nearly each day earnings updates to Packer and detailed revenue forecasts when the billionaire demanded them – data that was not given to different shareholders. When requested eventually yr’s AGM if Packer was in receipt of particular data, Barton spoke a couple of companies settlement with Packer’s non-public firm, Consolidated Press Holdings, however didn’t instantly deal with the query.

The circulate of confidential data to Packer led to one of many inquiry’s extra explosive solutions: that his deal to promote a fifth of Crown to Melco may quantity to insider buying and selling. (Packer’s executives who signed off on the deal have denied this as a result of any data was not materially completely different to what market analysts had forecast and no regulatory motion has been taken to discover the problem).

Meanwhile the inquiry has proven how executives from Packer’s non-public firm CPH have been embedded deep into Crown, advising on all the things from vetting the on line casino’s junkets for felony hyperlinks, overseeing the disastrous China technique, and advising how to answer final yr’s media storm.

The inquiry might discover Packer to be unfit to be a “shut affiliate” of the Sydney on line casino and compelled to promote down his shareholding in Crown.

What about Crown’s full-page advert?
Last yr Crown’s board of administrators aggressively attacked the reviews in The Age, The Herald and 60 Minutes, placing full web page advertisements in News Corp papers calling it a “deceitful marketing campaign” made up of “unsubstantiated allegations, exaggerations, unsupported connections and outright falsehoods”.

But Crown has now admitted it was really the corporate’s personal response, together with an ASX launch, that contained falsehoods. There was a primary error about who owned the Suncity junket, and its declare that it now not labored with some other junkets detailed within the report was additionally mistaken.


Crown’s declare that it primarily based its China operations on “authorized and authorities relations recommendation” was undermined by proof that the VIP workforce by no means shared the authorized recommendation it was getting from Chinese attorneys with Crown’s authorized workforce, which needed to scrambled to acquire copies after the October 2016 arrests.

John Alexander, Crown’s government chairman on the time, mentioned he wouldn’t repeat the declare that Crown had a “sturdy course of for vetting junket operators” in light of the inquiry’s evidence. Another director, John Poynton, said he felt “let down” by the recommendation from administration earlier than he and the remainder of Crown’s board signed the assertion.

The assault advert might come again to chunk Crown’s high-profile board. The inquiry has returned to it again and again and seems to be utilizing it as a take a look at of their competence and credibility.

Ken Barton.

Ken Barton.

Has Crown owned as much as its failures?

Crown’s CEO Ken Barton, who took on the highest job in January, has informed the inquiry that previously elements of the enterprise had the “mistaken steadiness” between “revenue and compliance”, and has mentioned it can strengthen its due diligence and anti-money laundering packages.

But Commissioner Bergin seems sceptical concerning the firm’s declare to be on a “journey of steady enchancment”, particularly when it has not but applied its new anti-money laundering program and insists it can open the Sydney on line casino in mid-December.

“To say that the corporate is on a journey of enchancment is, one would hope, heartening to some however I don’t know what it means,” Bergin said on October 2. “I actually am at a loss in the mean time to know what it means.”

Patricia Bergin.

Patricia Bergin.

What would be the ramifications?

Commissioner Bergin will report again to ILGA by February 1 subsequent yr on whether or not Crown is an acceptable on line casino licence holder. If it isn’t, she is going to recommend what if something must be performed to make it appropriate.

That might be ordering Crown to now not work with junkets, take away sure key executives from their roles, or impose some other circumstances on Crown’s licence.

A serious complication, nevertheless, is that the deal Crown signed with the NSW authorities in 2014 to open Sydney’s second on line casino entitles the corporate to assert compensation value ten occasions the monetary influence of “any motion” the federal government takes that adjustments, or has the impact of adjusting, its licence.


The inquiry’s findings ought to reverberate south to Victoria, provided that Crown’s malfeasance occurred beneath the watch of the state authorities and its regulator, the Victorian Commission for Gaming and Liquor Regulation. The Victorian authorities ordered an “pressing evaluation” into the media revelations however, greater than yr later, that seems to have gone nowhere.

Last yr’s reviews additionally triggered an Australian Commission for Law Enforcement Integrity inquiry which discovered Home Affairs gave preferential visa to Crown’s VIP clients, together with VIPs beforehand refused entry to Australia on character grounds.

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