Saturday’s election verdict isn’t the final step in deciding on an American president. Under a system that’s been tweaked over two centuries, there may be nonetheless a weekslong timeline throughout which the 538-member Electoral College picks the president.
Graphic reveals state of affairs through which a presidential candidate can win the favored vote however lose the election. (Photo: AP)
A have a look at the important thing steps:
— When American residents vote for a presidential candidate, they are surely voting for electors of their state. Those electors normally are dedicated to help the voters’ candidate of alternative. The variety of electors is the same as the variety of electoral votes held by every state. State legal guidelines differ on how electors are chosen however, typically, a slate of electors for every occasion’s candidate is chosen at state occasion conventions or by a vote of a celebration’s central committee.
— After Election Day, states rely and certify the outcomes of the favored vote. When accomplished, every governor is required by legislation to arrange “as soon as practicable” paperwork often known as “Certificates of Ascertainment” of the vote. The certificates record the electors’ names and the variety of votes forged for the winner and loser. The certificates, carrying the seal of every state, is distributed to the archivist of the United States.
— Dec. eight is the deadline for resolving election disputes on the state degree. All state recounts and court docket contests over presidential election outcomes are to be accomplished by this date.
— Dec. 14: Electors vote by paper poll of their respective states and the District of Columbia. Thirty-three states and D.C. have legal guidelines or occasion laws requiring electors to vote the identical manner the favored vote goes within the state, and in some states, electors may even get replaced or subjected to penalties, based on the Congressional Research Service. The votes for president and vp are counted and the electors signal six “Certificates of the Vote.” The certificates, together with different official papers, are despatched by registered mail to numerous officers, together with the president of the Senate.
— Dec. 23: The certificates have to be delivered to the designated officers. If they don’t seem to be delivered, the legislation gives different avenues for getting the outcomes to Washington.
Full Coverage: Explaining Election 2020
— Jan. 6, 2021: The House and Senate maintain a joint session to rely the electoral votes. If one ticket has obtained 270 or extra electoral votes, the president of the Senate, at present Vice President Mike Pence, pronounces the outcomes.
Members of Congress could object to returns from any state as they’re introduced. Objections have to be made in writing by a minimum of one member of the House and one within the Senate. If the objection meets sure necessities, every chamber meets individually to debate the objection for a most of two hours. Afterward, every chamber votes to just accept or reject the objection. Back in joint session, the outcomes of the respective votes are introduced. Any objection to a state’s electoral vote must be accredited by each homes to ensure that any contested votes to be excluded.
If neither presidential candidate wins a minimum of 270 electoral votes, the House decides the election, primarily based on the 12th Amendment to the Constitution. If required, the House would elect the president. Each state delegation has one vote and it takes 26 votes to win.
— Jan. 20: The president-elect is sworn into workplace on Inauguration Day.