Addressing the psychological well being wants of asylum seekers: A compassionate and trauma-informed method

Addressing the mental health needs of asylum seekers: A compassionate and trauma-informed approach

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A brand new research by The University of South Australia has discovered psychological well being points similar to post-traumatic stress dysfunction (PTSD), anxiousness, melancholy and suicidality are widespread amongst folks searching for asylum in Western nations, together with Australia.

The analysis, carried out by UniSA’s Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Research Group (MHSPRG), was printed within the British Medical Bulletin, and examined knowledge from Australia, Europe, Canada and the United States, discovering asylum seekers from all areas face quite a few systemic psychological well being challenges.

MHSPRG researcher, Heather McIntyre, says the workforce reviewed 25 research which included a complete of 3504 asylum seekers from 12 international locations, and outcomes point out psychological well being issues are comparatively widespread and sometimes co-occur.

“The experience of seeking asylum is unique and problematic when compared to other migration trajectories, and this review suggests harsh and restrictive immigration policy settings initiated by governments severely affect asylum seekers’ mental health,” McIntyre says.

“Significantly, our review finds this population group experiences high rates of PTSD, anxiety and depressive symptoms, with 25-54 percent of participants meeting criteria for at least two of these conditions.”

The MHSPRG assessment additionally signifies self-harm and suicidality are linked to the asylum immigration course of, reinforcing comparable findings from different research over a few years.

“Rejection of asylum seeker claims is a major driver (61 percent) of suicidal thoughts and behavior and presentation to psychiatric emergency services—uncertainty for the future and perceived burdensomeness all contribute to suicidal ideation and acting upon those thoughts,” McIntyre says.

“Advocates and care workers of asylum seekers and refugees see these outcomes weekly, and publicly available information (unconfirmed and provisional data) shows us that asylum seekers are thought to die by suicide at a higher rate than their male Australian-born counterparts.”

The MHSPRG research acknowledges asylum seekers usually categorical psychological misery in methods according to their tradition and suggests the medical {and professional} response ought to be “trauma-informed.”

“A trauma-informed approach acknowledges that behaviors and expressions of distress are coping strategies instinctively developed to manage trauma,” McIntyre says.

“Being aware of trauma and consciously working to avoid causing more trauma or re-traumatisation is the approach needed—showing empathy toward the person, while gently encouraging them to develop their autonomy and support them to make positive mental health care choices.”

The research additionally emphasised that work rights and employment prospects generally is a important consider defending and selling psychological well being for asylum seekers.

“Feeling psychologically safe and being able to work increases well-being for the asylum seeker; living a life as normal as possible is also a driver for personal autonomy and will improve mental health,” McIntyre says.


High self-harm rates among detained asylum seekers prompts calls for action


More data:
Miriam Posselt et al. The psychological well being standing of asylum seekers in middle- to high-income international locations: a synthesis of present international proof, British Medical Bulletin (2020). DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldaa010

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University of South Australia

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Addressing the psychological well being wants of asylum seekers: A compassionate and trauma-informed method (2020, September 17)
retrieved 17 September 2020
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